Cha­rak­te­ris­tik: Terraced house

Wooden housing estate "Permoserstrasse" in Ingolstadt

85057 Ingolstadt: 132 WE + 2 community houses as prefabricated 3-storey timber frame construction. 795 €/m2 (<=> 1,590.70 DM/sqm WF; 159,714.29 DM/WE). Developed within the framework of the "Siedlungsmodelle Bayern". It is the first "real" timber housing estate with over 100 residential units, at least in Europe. Architecture: Project consortium Sampo Widmann with Prof. Hermann Schröder. Developer: Gemeinnützige Wohnungsgesellschaft Ingolstadt. Completion: 1994

Garden City Falkenberg

12524 Berlin: Bruno Taut's "Tuschkastensiedlung". 128 apartments in 48 storey apartments in six apartment buildings and 80 single-family houses in rows or as semi-detached houses with 1 to 5 rooms; gross floor area: 14,051 m². Restoration / renovation / extension: 1992 to 2002; since 2001 extension and since 2011 new construction of multi-family houses and terraced houses. Construction: 1913 to 1916

Factory and model house settlement in Niesky

02906 Niesky: In the small Saxon town of Niesky, 20 minutes by train from Görlitz, the then largest European timber construction company "Christoph & Unmack AG" (C&U) built four factory and model settlements in timber construction with a total of 317 apartments in 114 houses. Of these, approx. 100 model houses with more than 250 apartments are still well preserved as housing estates today, most of which are in their original condition and most of which are listed buildings. They were built between 1918 and 1940.

Haveneiland East and West in Amsterdam

NL - 1087 Amsterdam: Haveneiland is the eastern and western part of the newest district "IJburg" in the east of Amsterdam. It was developed in the course of the Dutch housing development programme "VINEX "*. "Haveneiland", as well as "Steigereiland" and "Rieteilanden", was built on an artificially washed up island. Completion: ~2018

Arcadia Winnenden

Photo: JEA, Tübingen71364 Winnenden: 129 residential units in multi-family houses, chain houses, terraced houses and single-family houses on a conversion site (approx. 3.4 ha) close to the city centre, a former industrial wasteland, the new ecologically sustainable quarter was created. The focal points of the concept are an economical development, a central lake also for rainwater retention, a detailed surface and green concept, as well as a Mediterranean colour concept. Completion: 2011

Ecological housing estate in Amersfoort Nieuwland

NL - Amersfoort: 90 residential units as semi-detached and terraced houses. System construction with prefabricated elements. Use of ecological materials at low cost. Planning: Joachim Eble Architektur, Tübingen, project developer: Baufonds Woningbouw. Completion: 2000

KOKONI ONE housing estate (formerly "Gut Buchholz") in Berlin-Pankow

13127 Berlin-Pankow: On a 23,000 sqm site in Pankow-Französisch Buchholz, a housing estate with 83 residential units with a total living space of approx. 12,000 sqm plus a community house will be built. Mainly renewable and healthy building materials such as wood, loam and straw with a positive CO2 balance will be used. Composite materials will generally be avoided. In the centre of the settlement there is an orchard with a community house. The heat and electricity generation in the settlement is fossil-free. Completion (planned): 2022

Fuggerei in Augsburg

86152 Augsburg: For 500 years, the residents of Augsburg's Fuggerei have been paying as much cold rent as their previous tenants: 88 cents, which is equivalent to one guilder. In addition, they pay about 85 euros per month for utilities such as electricity, water and heating. The Fuggerei is considered the oldest social housing estate in the world. Completion: 1521

Resource conservation settlement in Kaster

50181 Bedburg Kaster: Around 150 residential units on 5.6 hectares are planned in the first resource conservation housing estate of the town of Bedburg and RWE Power. The conservation of natural resources is at the forefront of this project, which is being developed under the name "Factor X", already established in specialist circles. Further key data: 55,500 square metres of living space, around 110 building plots and an extension of the forest kindergarten are planned.

Permaculture settlement "EVA Lanxmeer" in Culemborg

NL - Culemborg: With 240 houses, it is the largest permaculture settlement in Europe and worldwide. It was built with the aim of living there in the most environmentally friendly and self-managed way possible. The founder Marleen Kaptein was convinced from the beginning that people should have the opportunity to shape their environment and take responsibility. Completion: 2009

Niewland, Amersfoort

NL - Amersfoort: 4500 apartments for around 15,000 residents. 1 megawatt of solar power integrated into the roofs of the new district. One of the largest sustainable urban development projects in the Netherlands. Completion date: 2002

"Stad van de Zon", Heerhugowaard

NL - Heerhugowaard: With 2,900 apartments on 123 ha of building land, the settlement is the largest sustainable settlement in the world. The total area with park and water areas covers 177 ha. The photovoltaic system on the roofs has a capacity of 3.75 MW. Another PV system with 1.25 MW, as well as three wind turbines on the site are the active components of the CO2-neutral energy supply. Car-free zone. Planning: Ashok Bhalotra of urban design bureau KuiperCompagnons, Rotterdam. Partner of the European Sun Cities project. Completion: 2016

Factor X settlement "Vöckelsberg

52249 Eschweiler: the municipality of Eschweiler has designated a second Factor X housing estate with 34 plots on 3.1 hectares in the development plan. Construction of the first houses can begin as early as April. Resource- and energy-efficient single-family houses will be built on around 30 plots and four multi-family houses will be built according to the Factor X concept. Further elements of sustainable urban development, such as extensively greened roofs and a central heat supply using wood pellets, are planned. RWE Power is the landowner and developer. The development was completed in spring 2019.

Factor X housing estate "Lützeler Hof

52459 Inden-Altdorf: The municipality of Inden has designated a further Factor X housing estate with 50 plots in the development plan. Construction of the first houses can begin as early as April. Resource-efficient single-family homes, semi-detached houses or terraced houses based on the Factor X concept will be built. RWE Power is the land owner and developer. The development was completed in spring 2019.

PV housing estate with 825 kWp in Gelsenkirchen-Schaffrath

45897 Gelsenkirchen-Schaffrath: by 2018, it was the largest German solar housing estate with a peak output of 825 kWp. The 71 existing buildings with a total of 422 apartments and 27,420 m² of living space were renovated for energy efficiency. Operator: THS Wohnen GmbH (today: VIVAWEST Wohnen GmbH). Completion: 2008

Climate and timber construction quarter "Ellener Hof

28329 Bremen-Osterholz: At least 500 apartments are planned, which will offer a new home to around 1,000 Bremen residents of all ages and from different social classes and cultures. In close cooperation with the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, the Bremer Heimstiftung, as the owner of the site, is therefore not only working on new living space. Social institutions, clubs and cultural institutions will also enrich the "Ellener Hof Foundation Village" in the future. In addition, the partners are focusing on attractive green spaces. The respectful treatment of the valuable stock of trees, bushes and vegetation on the property is the basis and an integral part of all planning. Construction began on 7.9.2018. Planned completion: 2025(?)

Eco-settlement Moldenhauer Hof

Photo: moldenhauer-hof.de16766 Kremmen-Hohenbruch: 8 residential parties in eco-settlement as a middle way between suburban terraced housing development and rural commune on 57 ha of land.

Housing project "Nestwerk

01326 Dresden-Pillnitz: 9 residential units, 40 residents. Ecological apartment buildings according to passive house standard. Architectural partnership Reiter and Rentzsch, Dresden. Occupation: 2001


04249 Leipzig-Knauthain: 665 WE, urban planning: Joachim Eble Architektur, decentralized settlement units; solar orientation (90% of the WE are SSW or SSO oriented) and integrated into the open space concept of so-called landscape chambers; resource-saving use of building land with minimized development effort in the area of residential development; ecological land use with high nature and open space quality on the compensation areas close to the settlement.

WEG "Am Rundling

dream of life12487 Berlin-Johannisthal: 20 houses with 22 residential units (KfW 40-60) for 70 small and large people, ecological housing project. Number of parking spaces: 0.3 PkWs/WE, 100 m² solar collectors (50 kW), 23 kW photovoltaic system, 99 kW wood pellet system (with exhaust gas heat exchanger, downstream flue gas scrubber and condensate heat exchanger), 600 m³ grey water system, completion: 2007

PlusEnergy houses in Berlin-Adlershof

Architecture: Deimel Oeschläger Architekten Partnerschaft, Berlin. Photo: A. Kroth


12489 Berlin-Adlershof: Climate-neutral home for 128 tenants in KfW 55 efficiency house. Gross floor area: 11,170 m2. Planning: Deimel Oelschläger Architekten. Completion: 2017

Garden City Bornstedter Feld

14467 Potsdam: 19 terraced houses on the edge of the BUGA site, completion: 2001. Ecological board stack solid timber house, life cycle assessment study. Architect's office Brenne-Eble, Berlin. Client: GSW, Berlin

Eco-settlement Allermöhe

0121035 Hamburg-Allermöhe: 36 completed units in semi-detached and terraced houses, one of the older ecological housing estates in Germany; largely built from 1985-96, the last house was built in 2003. Compost toilets, reed sewage treatment plant, biological building materials. "Interessengemeinschaft Ökologisches Bauen Allermöhe", planning/construction management: J. Lupp architect; Vollbracht und Bäumer architects; T. Keidel, M. Uhlenhaut, Hamburg; Cordes, Rotenburg/ Wümme. Awards Timber Construction Prize Northern Germany 1988.

Solar settlement Bramfeld

16brf53722175 Hamburg-Bramfeld: 130 WE, one of the larger solar local heating projects with a 4,000 m3-water storage tank. Completion: 2000

Harckesheyde residential park

22844 Norderstedt: 36 terraced houses in low-energy construction, all roofs are completely greened, combined heat and power plant. Completion: ~2002

Allmende Wulfsdorf

22926 AhrensburgSite area: 6.4 ha; 15 houses with 1 - 14 flats with high ecological standard (110 flats); 40% of the built-up area used for commercial purposes. Largest residential project with living and working in Schleswig-Holstein. Completion: 2012

Housing project at Bornseck

22926 Ahrensburg: 24 flats on 7,000 sqm plot, owners' association, KfW 40 standard, wood pellet heating and solar thermal system, ecologically safe building materials (free of asbestos, CFC, PCB and as far as possible PVC). Completion: 2007

Pilot Project Ecological Housing Lübeck-Blessensahl

23569 Lübeck-Kücknitz: 36 social housing units in 3 buildings in low-energy and timber construction with a total living space of 2,213 m². Pilot project as part of the "Resource-saving construction" programme funded by the state of Schleswig-Holstein. The main premise in the implementation of this pilot project was the synthesis of healthy living, energy and cost-saving construction with child and family-friendly floor plans. Completion: 1998

Group self-help settlement Pennmoor

23500 Lübeck-Moisling: New construction of 75 apartments as DHH (30x) and RHH (5x) in timber construction. A special feature was a high share of own work, which was credited instead of equity. Some of the houses were built as so-called "butterfly houses". The construction costs were less than 1000 Euro per sqm living space. Completion: 1999

Ecological settlement "Clever Brise

23611 Bad Schwartau: sSeven terraced houses in timber frame construction with communal house and an office unit.Ecological and building biology materials, rainwater utilisation and combined heat and power plant. Completion: 1992

Ecological settlement "Baareneichkoppel

23617 Stockelsdorf: 24 apartments in 13 terraced houses, two semi-detached houses, 1 x detached house (and ... ?). Timber frame construction with solid infill (brick) in the south facade and highly insulated infill (cellulose) in the north facades. Conservatories, combined heat and power unit, rainwater harvesting, PVC-free construction, healthy living materials and paints. Architectural partnership Rolf Zeschke (Bad Schwartau) & Uwe Witaszek. Completion: ~1997

Intergenerational housing project "Hof Pries" in Kiel

24159 Kiel-Pries: In 7 buildings around a car-free courtyard of approx. 6,500 m², a total of 27 apartments between approx. 40 and approx. 125 m² living space and a community house with a grass roof, as well as an organic food store in an existing building have been created in a space-saving architecture. Four of the buildings are new constructions, in the other two buildings old building substance was redeveloped. Completion: 2003

Ecological settlement Osterloh

25524 Itzehoe: The "car-free" settlement consists of 18 flats (12 DHH, 2 RH with 3 flats each), which is organized as a condominium owners' association. Approx. 1/3 of the total area is used as common property: Paths, Thingplatz, biotope and meadow etc.; Planning office: Christine Appel, Itzehoe. Completion: 1998

Ecological settlement "Red Sand

25704 Meldorf, district of Dithmarschen: Ecological settlement "Roter Sand". In 3 years an ecological settlement with 21 WEs in single-family houses, semi-detached houses and a 4-family house was built, which is characterized by its diverse exterior design and its multi-layered social structure. Completion: 1995(?)

Model project car-free living Bremen-Hollerland

28357 Bremen-Hollerland: 200 WE (not realised); model photos, well analysed study on the failure of the project. The most important reasons: "too sterile architecture; too expensive although low-cost construction was promised; too far outside the city; that the light rail was not led into the new district; overall poor construction activity; large employer in Bremen went bankrupt. The Hollerland project, however, caused a lot of media hype and is considered a model for many other projects that have been realized in the meantime, such as "Bremen-Grünenstrasse", however, not on the outskirts but in the city center.