Lok.West" quarter with power-to-gas technology in Esslingen

In-Entstehung_gr100px_200dpi73728 Esslingen Neue Weststadt: A CO2-neutral "showcase quarter" with 550 apartments, around 260 office and commercial space units and a new building for Esslingen University of Applied Sciences is being created on 12 hectares. The total investment volume is around 190 million euros. 30 percent of the quarter's use is intended for commercial purposes. The construction of individual building blocks started in 2016. Planned completion: 2022

Urban planning
The plans are based on an urban planning competition held in 2011.

CO2-neutral energy concept: energy storage and sector coupling
In the so-called "real laboratory", which is funded by the BMBF and BMWi, a neighbourhood energy supply concept is being realised with the sector coupling of electricity, heating, cooling and mobility.

For this purpose, an electrolyser with a capacity of 1 MWel absorbs surplus electricity generated by the PV systems (approx. 6 x 250 kWp => approx. 1,300 KWp) and the CHPs of the neighbourhood, which is not directly required for supply. This energy is used to support the splitting of water into hydrogen and oxygen in the electrolyser. The hydrogen produced is fed into a filling station and is thus available to filling stations and local businesses. In this way, the new quarter also supports the energy turnaround in urban mobility. The waste heat generated during electrolysis is also used directly in the quarter via a local heating network. If required, a small proportion of the hydrogen can be converted back into electricity in the district's CHP units or fuel cells and thus used to supply households with energy. In this way, the electrolyser also serves as an electricity storage system in accordance with the power-to-gas-to-power (P2G) approach. In addition, the use of waste heat from the electrolysis process via a local heating network is being tested. Cooling is generated by means of an adsorption refrigeration system in the area of the commercially used Block E.

The area of mobility is of great importance for sustainable urban development. Interfaces between the stationary energy infrastructure and mobility in the neighbourhood should be used, for example, by offering public and semi-public charging stations. With the networking of charging and booking technology of the vehicles, a grid-serving operation is realised.

Calculations assume that 400 kilograms of hydrogen can be produced daily. This corresponds to an amount that would allow 400 hydrogen-powered cars to drive 100 kilometres.

Furthermore, the renewable surplus electricity of the "New West City" is to be fed directly and almost loss-free into the DC overhead line network of the electric buses, and a temporary, bidirectional use of the traction batteries in the buses for power grid stabilization is to be investigated.

Tenant electricity, smart networking and energy-conscious behavior are expected to save 20 to 25 percent of tenants' electricity costs.

First residential and commercial block
Bèla is the first of six residential/commercial blocks in the new Weststadt Esslingen. Construction began in 2016 and occupancy was in 2018. The three buildings have 132 residential units. The roof occupancy with a photovoltaic system of approx. 250 kWp enables the use of renewable energies, which are marketed via a tenant electricity model." Design: Architects Graf + Partner, Montabaur

  1. Commercial high-rise "Crystal Rock" in planning (as of 7/2020)
    12 floors
  2. Residential/commercial block "Bela", occupancy 2018
    132 flats, 1,700 m² commercial space, 81 underground parking spaces.
  3. Residential/commercial block "Citadis", occupation 2020
    128 flats, 1,105 m² commercial, 22 parking spaces.
  4. Residential/commercial block "Desiro", under construction. Completion: 2021
    167 WE, 2.482 m² commercial, 91 TG-Stpl
  5. Esslingen University

The joint project "ES-West-P2G2P - Climate Neutral City Quarter Neue Weststadt Esslingen" is one of six lighthouse projects of the funding initiative Solar Construction/Energy Efficient City of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), which was launched in 2016. The project consortium consists of 10 partners. The overall coordination and scientific management is carried out by the Steinbeis Innovation Center for Energy, Building and Solar Technology (SIZ-EGS), Stuttgart.

Awards / Sustainability labels
2011 the golden pre-certificate of the German Sustainable Building Council (DGNB)

Project website
Project website of the city of Esslingen


Technical article dated 10/22/2020 in Building Energy Advisor:


Last Updated: April 28, 2021

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All project/s of the planning office: ; City region: Stuttgart and surrounding area; Country: Germany; Characteristics: 05 - 6 floors, Block Edge, Multi-storey housing; Thematic: 100% EEs, Car free living, CHP, DGNB, E-cars, Electromobility, Photovoltaics, Model settlement, Mix of uses, Plusenergiesiedlung, Hydrogen storage